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2019届高考英语一轮优化探究话题部分话题10必修2Unit4Wildlifeprotection课件新人教版20181004137

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必修2 Unit 4 Wildlife protection
C目录 ONTENTS

基础知识 回顾 核心考点 突破 随堂巩固 提升

基础知识 回顾

Ⅰ.核心词汇(能写会用)

填一填

练一练

背一背

用所给词的适当形

1. decrease

式填空

1.“雇用”家族

vi.& vt.减少;(使) 1.None of the

①employ

变小;或变少

students responded v.→employment n.

动 2. inspect vt. to her question;

②hire v.& n.

词 检查;视察

that is to say,her ③engage

3. appreciate question failed to v.→engagement n.

vt.鉴赏;感激;意 get a response ④take on

识到

from any of the

⑤on hire

students.(respond)

填一填

练一练

背一背

4. respond 2.He succeeded his 1.“雇用”家族

vi.回答;响应; father as manager of ①employ

做出反应

the company.Soon v.→employment

their business

动 5. contain



became very vt.包含;容纳; successful

n. ②hire v.& n. .Lots ③engage

容忍

of people wanted to v.→engagement n.

6. affect vt.影 know the secret of ④take on

响;感动;侵袭 his success .(succeed) ⑤on hire

填一填

练一练

背一背

3.The employer 1.“雇用”家族

7. succeed vi.成功 vt.接

decided to employ ①employ v.→employment
Tom as her secretary

动 替;继任

and she hoped to

词 8. employ have a talk with her vt.雇用;利用(时 employee

n. ②hire v.& n. ③engage v.→engagement n.

间、精力等) before he came to ④take on

work.(employ)

⑤on hire

填一填

练一练

背一背

2.un-前缀的高频形容词

形容 词/ 副词

①certain→uncertain 不确定的

9. certain

adj.确定的;某 4.The railway ②common→uncommon 不常有

一;一定

station is at a 的

10.secure adj. distance

③likely→unlikely 不可能的

安全的;可靠的 (distant) of ④friendly→unfriendly 不友好的

two miles 11. distant away from adj.远的;远处 our school.


⑤aware→unaware 不知道的 ⑥fortunate→unfortunate 不幸的 ⑦fair→unfair 不公*的

⑧conscious→unconscious 失去知

觉的

填一填

练一练

背一背

3.“事事”相连

12. reserve

①incident n.事件;事变

n.保护区

5.Mr.Lee

the July 7th Incident 七七

13. incident decided to fight 事变

名 n.事件;事变 for the

词 14. relief n. protection ②accident n.事故

traffic accident 交通事故 (痛苦或忧虑的)减 (protect) of the

轻或解除;减轻痛 environment. ③event n.重大事件;比赛

苦的事物

项目

sports event 体育赛事

填一填

练一练

背一背

6.Eating too 3.“事事”相连

much every ①incident n.事件;事变

15. harm n.day is harmful the July 7th Incident 七七

& vt.损害;危害
名 16. protection

to our health, 事变 that is to say, ②accident n.事故

词 n.保护

eating too

traffic accident 交通事故

17.mercy n.仁 much every

慈;宽恕;怜悯 day does harm ③event n.重大事件;比赛

to our

项目

health.(harm) sports event 体育赛事

Ⅱ.阅读词汇(见词识义)

1.wild adj. 野生的;未开发的

2.mosquito n. 蚊子

3.laughter n. 笑声 4.income n. 收入

5.fierce adj. 凶猛的;猛烈的 6.ending n. 结局;结尾

7.bite v. 咬;叮;刺痛

8.habitat n. 栖息地;(动植物的)

语境串联 The loss and harm to the wildlife reserve affects the security of wildlife fiercely.Any merciful response is appreciated.To our relief,man has realized the importance of wildlife protection and has won great success.

填一填

练一练

背一背

1.“出现;消失”家族

动词+介/副词 选用左栏短语填 ①vanish vi.消失;突然不

1.die out 空



灭亡;逐渐消失 1.Though he ②disappear vi.消失;失踪

2.protect...from was at the edge ③appear vi.出现

保护……不

of the cliff,he ④die out 灭绝;消失

受……(危害)

did not sense he was in danger . ⑤show up 出现

⑥turn up 出现

填一填

练一练

背一背

介词+名词

2.Not only does

1.“出现;消失”家族

3.in peace 和 he plan to find

*地;和睦地;安 40 time twins

①vanish vi.消失;突然不见

详地

before his 40th ②disappear vi.消失;失踪

4.in danger (of) birthday but also ③appear vi.出现

he intends to ④die out 灭绝;消失

在危险中;垂危

write a book

⑤show up 出现

5. in relief 如 according to
⑥turn up 出现

释重负;松了口气 his experience.

填一填

练一练

背一背

动词+介词+名 3.Whenever we 1.“出现;消失”家族



do something,we ①vanish vi.消失;突然不

6.burst into should



pay attention to

laughter 突然笑

②disappear vi.消失;失踪

起来;大声笑了出 every small

③appear vi.出现

detail,which can



④die out 灭绝;消失

guarantee our
7.come into
success in the

⑤show up 出现

being 形成;产生 end.

⑥turn up 出现

填一填
8.do harm to 对……有害 9.come into effect 生效

练一练

背一背

1.“出现;消失”家族

4.More and ①vanish vi.消失;突然不见

more animals ②disappear vi.消失;失踪

have been

③appear vi.出现

hunted,some

④die out 灭绝;消失

of which are

dying out

⑤show up .

出现

⑥turn up 出现

填一填

练一练

背一背

其他 10.pay attention to

5.Hearing the interesting

2.“关注”词汇一览 ①pay attention to 注意 ②keep an eye on 密切注视

注意

story,all the ③focus one's attention on 关注

11.according people

④concentrate on 关注;集中于

to 按照;根 present burst ⑤keep a close watch on 密切关

据……所说 into laughter. 注

填一填

练一练

背一背

6.Every student

2.“关注”词汇一览
12.so that may have different
以至于;结 weak and strong ①pay attention to 注意

果;为了

subjects,so they ②keep an eye on 密切注视

13. without should learn from ③focus one's attention on 关注 each other so that ④concentrate on 关注;集中于
mercy 毫不 they can have more ⑤keep a close watch on 密切关

怜悯地

advantages than 注

disadvantages.

语境串联 Hunting too much affects the number of wild animals greatly nowadays.As a result,there are some animals dying out and others in danger.Fortunately,our government has paid attention to the situation and a series of laws has come into effect.There is no doubt that we will succeed in preventing the situation from being bad to worse.

原句展示——课本这 句型

样讲

提炼

迁移应用——高考这样考

1.They lived on the

因为我过不了多久就要毕业了,

earth tens of millions long

所以我想做一些和我专业有关的

of years ago,long befor

before humans came e+时 事情。

into being...

间状 Since it won't be long before I

数千万年前,在人类 语从 graduate,I want to do something

诞生之前很久,它们 句 related to my major.(2016·全国卷

就生活在地球上……

Ⅰ,书面表达)

原句展示——课本这 句型

样讲

提炼

迁移应用——高考这样考

2.They learned this the 日常生活中发生的事情会改变你

from the way the

way 用 看待世界和世人的方式。

bones were joined 作定 Something that happens in your

together.

语从 daily life will change the way

他们是根据(恐龙)骨 句的 you look at the world

骼的连接方式了解到 先行 and the people in it.(2016·江苏

这一点的。

词 卷,写作)

核心考点 突破

语法填空(关注加黑部分,核心考点逐一突破) Not long ago,a girl 1.called (call) Daisy took a magic trip around the world.First,she came to Tibet in China to visit antelopes.But to her great 2. disappointment (disappoint),she could only see mountains and people. Then an antelope told her 3.sadly (sad) that they were being killed 4. in large numbers by humans for their wool to make clothing.

Then the flying carpet took Daisy to Zimbabwe,5. where people succeeded in protecting wildlife. Daisy was glad to learn that farmers there were not killing the animals at will as they used to. Only a certain number of the animals 6. were set (set) to be hunted for free by the government,which not only saved the animals but 7. benefited
(beneficial) the farmers as well.

In the thick rainforest,Daisy saw a monkey 8.rubbing (rub) an

insect,which contained a 9. powerful

(power)drug that

affected mosquitoes, over his body to protect himself from

mosquitoes.Daisy paid more attention to the rainforest and

appreciated how the animals lived together.With all her experience,Daisy had learned how 10. to work (work)

with WWF to protect wildlife.

1 succeed vi.成功;继承 vt.接替;继任 (1)succeed in (doing) sth. 成功地做某事 succeed sb.as 接替某人成为…… (2)successful adj. 成功的 be successful in (doing) sth. 成功地做某事 (3)success n. [U] 成功;成就 [C] 成功的人或事物

①As long as we have the enthusiasm to follow our dream,we are sure to succeed eventually. 只要我们有热情追随梦想,最终我们一定会成功。 ②As far as I know,John succeeded Tom as chairman of the students' union. 据我所知,约翰接替汤姆成为学生会的主席。

③Finally,I wish this year's English speech competition a great success. 最后我预祝今年的英语演讲比赛取得圆满成功。

2 contain vt.包含;容纳;克制;抑制(强烈的感情等) 写出下列句中 contain 的含义 ①It contains a lot of pictures taken during my childhood.It keeps a record of my birth at the hospital,my first smile and my first walk. 包含 ②The stadium is large enough to contain 100 thousand audience. 容纳

③Hearing the disappointing news,he was too sad to contain himself. 克制;抑制

contain oneself

克制自己

container n. 容器;集装箱;货柜

[辨析] 表示所含之物的全部或一部分;侧重于所含有的数量
contain 或成分;不用于进行时
指作为整体中的一部分而被包括进去,通常指同类。 include 常使用“including+被包括部分”或“被包括部分+
included”的结构

④The container contains many kinds of fruits,including a pineapple/a pineapple included. 这个容器盛放着许多种水果,其中包括菠萝。

3 affect vt.影响;感动;(疾病)侵袭 (1)be affected by heat/cold 中暑/着凉 be affected with high fever 发高烧 (2)effect n. 作用;影响 have an effect/influence on 对……产生影响

①With the government's aid,those affected by the earthquake have moved for the new settlements. 在政府的援助下,那些受地震灾害影响的人们已经搬进了新 居。 ② Affected (affect) with high fever,he continued with his work. 尽管发高烧,他仍然继续工作。

③Think of the movies,books,teachers,and friends that have an effect on you most deeply.
想一想给你带来最深刻影响的电影、书籍、老师及朋友。

[熟词生义] 写出加黑单词在语境中的含义 ④The people present at the meeting were deeply affected by the story. 感动

4 protect...from 保护……不受……(危害)

(1)protect...against

保护……以防……

keep...from doing

??

(2) stop...?from? doing ? 阻止……做……

prevent...?from? doing ??

①You must learn to protect yourself from the danger.

你必须学会保护自己免遭危险。

②The hen protected its young against being attacked

(attack)by the cat. 母鸡保护小鸡使其免遭猫的袭击。

③Great efforts should be made to prevent/keep/stop the

flu virus from spreading

.

人们应当尽力阻止流感病毒的蔓延。

[名师点津] 以上短语中的 from 在被动语态中均不可省去,而 在主动语态中,与 stop/prevent 搭配的 from 可以省略。

5 pay attention to 注意;留意 draw/attract/catch one's attention 引起某人的注意 turn one's attention to... 把注意力转移到…… fix/focus/concentrate one's attention on...
注意力集中在……

①In order to protect the balance of nature,the professor suggested that we (should) pay attention to improving (improve) people's environmental awareness. 为了保护生态*衡,教授建议我们应注意提高人们的环保意 识。

②You speak English very well,but more attention should

be paid

(pay) to your written English.

你英语说得非常好,但应多注意书面英语。

③He stood there,his attention fixed (fix) on the notice on

the wall. 他站在那儿,集中注意力看墙上的布告。

6 appreciate vt.鉴赏;感激;意识到;欣赏;重视 (1)appreciate+n./pron./v.-ing 重视/感激…… I would appreciate it if... 假如……,我将不胜感激 (2)appreciation n. 欣赏;感激

①I'd appreciate your writing me back as soon as possible. 你尽早回信我将感激不尽。 ②I would appreciate it if you paid in cash. 如果你支付现金的话,我会不胜感激。 ③Here I sincerely express my appreciation (appreciate) if you could help find the lost suitcase. 如果你能帮我找到丢失的箱子,我会真诚地表达我的感激之 情。

[名师指津] 当 appreciate,hate,dislike,love,like,depend/rely on 等词后接宾语从句时,一般先加 it,再接宾语从句。

④I hate it when people talk with their mouths full. 我讨厌别人满嘴食物时说话。

短文改错(按高考试卷要求从原文中修改) Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the

earth.The

famous of these animals are dinosaurs.They

lived the earth tens of millions of years ago,long before

humans

came


into

being.Their

future

seemed

at that

time.There

many different kinds of dinosaur.When

scientists learned this from the way the bones were joined

together,they were surprised to find that some dinosaurs

could not only run but also climb trees.

number of them

used to

in China.Nobody knows for sure why and how

dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in

a short time.

According to a UN

some 844 animals and plants

have

disappeare d in the last 500 years.

1 long before+时间状语从句 (1)It is/was not long before...
不久就…… (2)It will be long before... 要过很久才…… (3)It won't be long before... 过不了多久就…… (4)It is/has been+时间段+since...
自……以来已有……时间了。

(5)It is the first (...) time that... (现在完成时) 这是第一(……)次……
(6)It's time that sb.did/should do... 到了某人该做……的时候了。

①I had heard of him long before I came here. 早在我来这儿很久以前我就听说过他的情况。 ②It is the second time that I have been (be) here. 这是我第二次来这里了。

2 the way 用作定语从句的先行词 (1)way 表示“方式;方法”时,其后常接 in which 或 that 引导 的定语从句,也可以将关系词 in which 或 that 省略掉,此时关 系词在从句中作状语。 (2)way 后接定语从句时,如果关系词在从句中作主语或宾语, 则用关系代词 that/which,作宾语时还可以省略。

(3)way 表示“方式;方法”时,其后还可接不定式或 of doing sth.的形式。

①I think you hurt his pride by laughing at the way (in which/that) he speaks English. 我觉得你嘲笑他说英语的方式伤害了他的自尊心。 ② The way that/which came up at the meeting was unpractical. 在会议上提出的方法不切实际。

③You should keep it in mind that comparing notes with your classmates frequently is a good way to improve (improve) your study.(2015·四川卷,书面表达) 你应该记住经常与同班同学商量是提高学*的有效方法。

随堂巩固 提升

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Sally was a successful (succeed) teacher,who taught some naughty students. 2.I received a letter containing (contain) some important information about the project. 3.Men and women must be treated equally in education and
employment (employ).

4.He appreciated being given (give) a chance to make a presentation in the annual seminar on Comparative Literature. 5.When his daughter came home at last,he was in relief. 6.More attention should be paid to improving(improve) the safety of school buses,which has become a big concern of the whole society. 7.After he retired,the old man did all he could to protect the old temple from being damaged (damage).

8.We appreciate participating (participate) in this activity, which has helped to build on emotional connection between the old and the young. 9.I will tell you the way that/in which you can study English well,because I know the way that you have accepted is not the best. 10.Take some protectiveclothing to protect yourself from the insects and mosquitoes.It will give you enough protection . (protect)

Ⅱ.单句改错(按高考试卷要求从原句中修改) 1.Almost all the animals have their special ways to protect them from their enemies.
答案:Almost all the animals have their special ways to protect
from their enemies.

2.The medicine has a great affect on that disease.

答案:The medicine has a great

on that disease.

3.As we all know,smoking is harmful for our health.

答案:As we all know,smoking is harmful

our health.

4.Many traditional customs have died away because they are out of date.

答案:Many traditional customs have died are out of date.

because they

5.I would appreciate very much if you could give me an early reply.

答案:I would appreciate early reply.

very much if you could give me an

Ⅲ.一句多译

1.众所周知,观看暴力电视节目真的对孩子有害。

①As we know, watching violence on TV really harms children .

(harm vt.)

②As we know, watching violence on TV really does harm to

children/does children harm

.(harm n.)

③As we know, watching violence on TV is really harmful to children

.(harmful)

2.听众被深深地打动了,掌声经久不息。(affect)

① The audience was deeply affected , and they warmly

applauded for a long time. ② Deeply affected ,the audience warmly applauded for a long

time.(分词作状语)

③ The audience, who was deeply affected

, warmly

applauded for a long time.(定语从句)

Ⅳ.微写作 根据提示, 利用本单元所学知识, 完成下面的小作文。 1.过度捕杀极大地影响了野生动物的数量。(hunt,affect) 2.结果,一些动物灭绝,也有一些处境危险。(die out,in danger) 3.幸运的是,政府已经关注这种状况,并采取了一系列措施。 (pay attention to)

4.我们成功地阻止了这种状况的恶化。(succeed)

[参考范文] Hunting too much affected the number of wild animals greatly.As a result,some animals have died out and others are in danger.Fortunately,our government has paid attention to the situation and has taken a series of measures.We have succeeded in preventing the situation from getting worse.



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