必修2 Unit 4 Wildlife protection
基础知识 回顾 核心考点 突破 随堂巩固 提升
vi.& vt.减少；(使) 1．None of the
students responded v．→employment n.
动 2． inspect vt. to her question;
②hire v．& n.
that is to say，her ③engage
3． appreciate question failed to v．→engagement n.
vt.鉴赏；感激；意 get a response ④take on
from any of the
4． respond 2．He succeeded his 1.“雇用”家族
vi.回答；响应； father as manager of ①employ
the company.Soon v．→employment
动 5． contain
became very vt.包含；容纳； successful
n. ②hire v．& n. .Lots ③engage
of people wanted to v．→engagement n.
6． affect vt.影 know the secret of ④take on
响；感动；侵袭 his success .(succeed) ⑤on hire
3．The employer 1.“雇用”家族
7． succeed vi.成功 vt.接
decided to employ ①employ v．→employment
Tom as her secretary
and she hoped to
词 8． employ have a talk with her vt.雇用；利用(时 employee
n. ②hire v．& n. ③engage v．→engagement n.
间、精力等) before he came to ④take on
形容 词/ 副词
adj.确定的；某 4.The railway ②common→uncommon 不常有
station is at a 的
10．secure adj. distance
安全的；可靠的 (distant) of ④friendly→unfriendly 不友好的
two miles 11． distant away from adj.远的；远处 our school.
⑤aware→unaware 不知道的 ⑥fortunate→unfortunate 不幸的 ⑦fair→unfair 不公*的
the July 7th Incident 七七
13． incident decided to fight 事变
名 n．事件；事变 for the
词 14． relief n． protection ②accident n．事故
traffic accident 交通事故 (痛苦或忧虑的)减 (protect) of the
轻或解除；减轻痛 environment. ③event n．重大事件；比赛
sports event 体育赛事
6．Eating too 3．“事事”相连
much every ①incident n．事件；事变
15． harm n．day is harmful the July 7th Incident 七七
名 16． protection
to our health， 事变 that is to say， ②accident n．事故
traffic accident 交通事故
17．mercy n．仁 much every
慈；宽恕；怜悯 day does harm ③event n．重大事件；比赛
health.(harm) sports event 体育赛事
1．wild adj. 野生的；未开发的
2.mosquito n． 蚊子
3．laughter n． 笑声 4.income n． 收入
5．fierce adj. 凶猛的；猛烈的 6.ending n． 结局；结尾
7．bite v． 咬；叮；刺痛
8．habitat n． 栖息地；(动植物的)
语境串联 The loss and harm to the wildlife reserve affects the security of wildlife fiercely.Any merciful response is appreciated.To our relief，man has realized the importance of wildlife protection and has won great success.
动词＋介/副词 选用左栏短语填 ①vanish vi.消失；突然不
1．die out 空
灭亡；逐渐消失 1．Though he ②disappear vi.消失；失踪
2．protect...from was at the edge ③appear vi.出现
of the cliff，he ④die out 灭绝；消失
did not sense he was in danger . ⑤show up 出现
⑥turn up 出现
2．Not only does
3．in peace 和 he plan to find
*地；和睦地；安 40 time twins
before his 40th ②disappear vi.消失；失踪
4．in danger (of) birthday but also ③appear vi.出现
he intends to ④die out 灭绝；消失
write a book
⑤show up 出现
5． in relief 如 according to
⑥turn up 出现
释重负；松了口气 his experience.
动词＋介词＋名 3．Whenever we 1.“出现；消失”家族
do something，we ①vanish vi.消失；突然不
6．burst into should
pay attention to
起来；大声笑了出 every small
④die out 灭绝；消失
success in the
⑤show up 出现
being 形成；产生 end.
⑥turn up 出现
8．do harm to 对……有害 9．come into effect 生效
4．More and ①vanish vi.消失；突然不见
more animals ②disappear vi.消失；失踪
④die out 灭绝；消失
of which are
⑤show up .
⑥turn up 出现
其他 10．pay attention to
5．Hearing the interesting
2．“关注”词汇一览 ①pay attention to 注意 ②keep an eye on 密切注视
story，all the ③focus one's attention on 关注
④concentrate on 关注；集中于
to 按照；根 present burst ⑤keep a close watch on 密切关
据……所说 into laughter. 注
12．so that may have different
以至于；结 weak and strong ①pay attention to 注意
subjects，so they ②keep an eye on 密切注视
13． without should learn from ③focus one's attention on 关注 each other so that ④concentrate on 关注；集中于
mercy 毫不 they can have more ⑤keep a close watch on 密切关
advantages than 注
语境串联 Hunting too much affects the number of wild animals greatly nowadays.As a result，there are some animals dying out and others in danger.Fortunately，our government has paid attention to the situation and a series of laws has come into effect.There is no doubt that we will succeed in preventing the situation from being bad to worse.
1.They lived on the
earth tens of millions long
of years ago，long befor
before humans came e＋时 事情。
间状 Since it won't be long before I
数千万年前，在人类 语从 graduate，I want to do something
诞生之前很久，它们 句 related to my major.(2016·全国卷
2.They learned this the 日常生活中发生的事情会改变你
from the way the
way 用 看待世界和世人的方式。
bones were joined 作定 Something that happens in your
语从 daily life will change the way
他们是根据(恐龙)骨 句的 you look at the world
骼的连接方式了解到 先行 and the people in it.(2016·江苏
语法填空(关注加黑部分，核心考点逐一突破) Not long ago，a girl 1.called (call) Daisy took a magic trip around the world.First，she came to Tibet in China to visit antelopes.But to her great 2. disappointment (disappoint)，she could only see mountains and people. Then an antelope told her 3.sadly (sad) that they were being killed 4. in large numbers by humans for their wool to make clothing.
Then the flying carpet took Daisy to Zimbabwe，5. where people succeeded in protecting wildlife. Daisy was glad to learn that farmers there were not killing the animals at will as they used to. Only a certain number of the animals 6. were set (set) to be hunted for free by the government，which not only saved the animals but 7. benefited
(beneficial) the farmers as well.
In the thick rainforest，Daisy saw a monkey 8.rubbing (rub) an
insect，which contained a 9. powerful
affected mosquitoes, over his body to protect himself from
mosquitoes.Daisy paid more attention to the rainforest and
appreciated how the animals lived together.With all her experience，Daisy had learned how 10. to work (work)
with WWF to protect wildlife.
1 succeed vi.成功；继承 vt.接替；继任 (1)succeed in (doing) sth. 成功地做某事 succeed sb.as 接替某人成为…… (2)successful adj. 成功的 be successful in (doing) sth. 成功地做某事 (3)success n. [U] 成功；成就 [C] 成功的人或事物
①As long as we have the enthusiasm to follow our dream，we are sure to succeed eventually. 只要我们有热情追随梦想，最终我们一定会成功。 ②As far as I know，John succeeded Tom as chairman of the students' union. 据我所知，约翰接替汤姆成为学生会的主席。
③Finally，I wish this year's English speech competition a great success. 最后我预祝今年的英语演讲比赛取得圆满成功。
2 contain vt.包含；容纳；克制；抑制(强烈的感情等) 写出下列句中 contain 的含义 ①It contains a lot of pictures taken during my childhood.It keeps a record of my birth at the hospital，my first smile and my first walk. 包含 ②The stadium is large enough to contain 100 thousand audience. 容纳
③Hearing the disappointing news，he was too sad to contain himself. 克制；抑制
container n. 容器；集装箱；货柜
指作为整体中的一部分而被包括进去，通常指同类。 include 常使用“including＋被包括部分”或“被包括部分＋
④The container contains many kinds of fruits，including a pineapple/a pineapple included. 这个容器盛放着许多种水果，其中包括菠萝。
3 affect vt.影响；感动；(疾病)侵袭 (1)be affected by heat/cold 中暑/着凉 be affected with high fever 发高烧 (2)effect n. 作用；影响 have an effect/influence on 对……产生影响
①With the government's aid，those affected by the earthquake have moved for the new settlements. 在政府的援助下，那些受地震灾害影响的人们已经搬进了新 居。 ② Affected (affect) with high fever，he continued with his work. 尽管发高烧，他仍然继续工作。
③Think of the movies，books，teachers，and friends that have an effect on you most deeply.
[熟词生义] 写出加黑单词在语境中的含义 ④The people present at the meeting were deeply affected by the story. 感动
4 protect...from 保护……不受……(危害)
(2) stop...?from? doing ? 阻止……做……
prevent...?from? doing ??
①You must learn to protect yourself from the danger.
②The hen protected its young against being attacked
(attack)by the cat. 母鸡保护小鸡使其免遭猫的袭击。
③Great efforts should be made to prevent/keep/stop the
flu virus from spreading
[名师点津] 以上短语中的 from 在被动语态中均不可省去，而 在主动语态中，与 stop/prevent 搭配的 from 可以省略。
5 pay attention to 注意；留意 draw/attract/catch one's attention 引起某人的注意 turn one's attention to... 把注意力转移到…… fix/focus/concentrate one's attention on...
①In order to protect the balance of nature，the professor suggested that we (should) pay attention to improving (improve) people's environmental awareness. 为了保护生态*衡，教授建议我们应注意提高人们的环保意 识。
②You speak English very well，but more attention should
(pay) to your written English.
③He stood there，his attention fixed (fix) on the notice on
the wall. 他站在那儿，集中注意力看墙上的布告。
6 appreciate vt.鉴赏；感激；意识到；欣赏；重视 (1)appreciate＋n./pron./v.-ing 重视/感激…… I would appreciate it if... 假如……，我将不胜感激 (2)appreciation n. 欣赏；感激
①I'd appreciate your writing me back as soon as possible. 你尽早回信我将感激不尽。 ②I would appreciate it if you paid in cash. 如果你支付现金的话，我会不胜感激。 ③Here I sincerely express my appreciation (appreciate) if you could help find the lost suitcase. 如果你能帮我找到丢失的箱子，我会真诚地表达我的感激之 情。
[名师指津] 当 appreciate，hate，dislike，love，like，depend/rely on 等词后接宾语从句时，一般先加 it，再接宾语从句。
④I hate it when people talk with their mouths full. 我讨厌别人满嘴食物时说话。
短文改错(按高考试卷要求从原文中修改) Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the
famous of these animals are dinosaurs.They
lived the earth tens of millions of years ago，long before
many different kinds of dinosaur.When
scientists learned this from the way the bones were joined
together，they were surprised to find that some dinosaurs
could not only run but also climb trees.
number of them
in China.Nobody knows for sure why and how
dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in
a short time.
According to a UN
some 844 animals and plants
disappeare d in the last 500 years.
1 long before＋时间状语从句 (1)It is/was not long before...
不久就…… (2)It will be long before... 要过很久才…… (3)It won't be long before... 过不了多久就…… (4)It is/has been＋时间段＋since...
(5)It is the first (...) time that... (现在完成时) 这是第一(……)次……
(6)It's time that sb.did/should do... 到了某人该做……的时候了。
①I had heard of him long before I came here. 早在我来这儿很久以前我就听说过他的情况。 ②It is the second time that I have been (be) here. 这是我第二次来这里了。
2 the way 用作定语从句的先行词 (1)way 表示“方式；方法”时，其后常接 in which 或 that 引导 的定语从句，也可以将关系词 in which 或 that 省略掉，此时关 系词在从句中作状语。 (2)way 后接定语从句时，如果关系词在从句中作主语或宾语， 则用关系代词 that/which，作宾语时还可以省略。
(3)way 表示“方式；方法”时，其后还可接不定式或 of doing sth.的形式。
①I think you hurt his pride by laughing at the way (in which/that) he speaks English. 我觉得你嘲笑他说英语的方式伤害了他的自尊心。 ② The way that/which came up at the meeting was unpractical. 在会议上提出的方法不切实际。
③You should keep it in mind that comparing notes with your classmates frequently is a good way to improve (improve) your study.(2015·四川卷，书面表达) 你应该记住经常与同班同学商量是提高学*的有效方法。
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．Sally was a successful (succeed) teacher，who taught some naughty students. 2．I received a letter containing (contain) some important information about the project. 3．Men and women must be treated equally in education and
4．He appreciated being given (give) a chance to make a presentation in the annual seminar on Comparative Literature. 5．When his daughter came home at last，he was in relief. 6．More attention should be paid to improving(improve) the safety of school buses，which has become a big concern of the whole society. 7．After he retired，the old man did all he could to protect the old temple from being damaged (damage)．
8．We appreciate participating (participate) in this activity， which has helped to build on emotional connection between the old and the young. 9．I will tell you the way that/in which you can study English well，because I know the way that you have accepted is not the best. 10．Take some protectiveclothing to protect yourself from the insects and mosquitoes.It will give you enough protection . (protect)
Ⅱ.单句改错(按高考试卷要求从原句中修改) 1．Almost all the animals have their special ways to protect them from their enemies.
答案：Almost all the animals have their special ways to protect
from their enemies.
2．The medicine has a great affect on that disease.
答案：The medicine has a great
on that disease.
3．As we all know，smoking is harmful for our health.
答案：As we all know，smoking is harmful
4．Many traditional customs have died away because they are out of date.
答案：Many traditional customs have died are out of date.
5．I would appreciate very much if you could give me an early reply.
答案：I would appreciate early reply.
very much if you could give me an
①As we know, watching violence on TV really harms children .
②As we know, watching violence on TV really does harm to
children/does children harm
③As we know, watching violence on TV is really harmful to children
① The audience was deeply affected ， and they warmly
applauded for a long time. ② Deeply affected ，the audience warmly applauded for a long
③ The audience, who was deeply affected
applauded for a long time.(定语从句)
Ⅳ.微写作 根据提示， 利用本单元所学知识， 完成下面的小作文。 1．过度捕杀极大地影响了野生动物的数量。(hunt，affect) 2．结果，一些动物灭绝，也有一些处境危险。(die out，in danger) 3．幸运的是，政府已经关注这种状况，并采取了一系列措施。 (pay attention to)
[参考范文] Hunting too much affected the number of wild animals greatly.As a result，some animals have died out and others are in danger.Fortunately，our government has paid attention to the situation and has taken a series of measures.We have succeeded in preventing the situation from getting worse.
必修2 Unit 4 Wildlife protection